A brief introduction to Praat Shigeto Kawahara 1 Before we begin This is a handout that I use for my introductory phonetics classes (graduate and undergraduate). October 31st 2019 Hello all! We are finally in spectogram week. As we finish our discussion of Chapter 8 and spectogram analysis in phonetics, I will be gradually adding complementary videos here f. I am currently working on a 64-bit edition of Praat for the Mac. Once that works it becomes possible to spin off smaller apps for the iPad and iPhone, because programming those is similar to programming in 64-bit on the Mac. Paul Boersma University of Amsterdam Linguistics Spuistraat 210, room 303 1012VT Amsterdam, The Netherlands. There is some information on MinGW for Mac OSX here. However, it is easier to use the MacPorts system (when it gets the correct GCC version again). Installation of the MinGW suit with GCC 4.8 (Praat.
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We are excited to announce that CLIC will be offering a one-day workshop on the transcription program ELAN on FridayJune 16, 2017. ELAN is a free professional tool developed at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics for the annotation of video and audio recordings by creating time-aligned transcription files. It is designed to allow for a great number of use cases, well-suited for efficient transcribing of monologic data as well as for complex annotations of recordings of multi-party interactions. In this workshop, we will learn and practice how to create transcription files, how to add basic glosses, translations, and codes, how to export and import these into/from a variety of other tools, how to export ELAN annotations into subtitles files for videos, and how to create templates and individual user/project-specific workflows. This session will be a general introduction to the program and it’s diverse functions and we have allocated practice time so that participants can begin developing their own templates and workflows.
The workshop will be lead by our very own Jan David Hauck. Jan received his M.A. in sociocultural anthropology from Free University, Berlin in 2008 and his Ph.D. in linguistic anthropology from UCLA in 2016. He has done extensive research on the socialization of children in an indigenous Aché community of Paraguay, analyzing the ideological and interactional constitution of linguistic difference and the development of metalinguistic awareness in a context of language shift and linguistic convergence. Between 2008 and 2013 he took part in a project for the documentation of Aché, part of the DOBES program for endangered languages.
*Location Haines 279*
10 – 11am:
- Basic introduction to transcribing with ELAN
- Conceptual framework (Annotations, Tiers, Types, and Stereotypes)
11am – 12pm:
- Practice session
- Creating a transcription file
- Creating time-aligned annotations
1 – 1:30pm:
- Advanced (but essential) topics
- Different work modes: Annotation mode, Transcription mode, Segmentation mode, Media synchronization mode and
the brand new, super exciting (but still beta) Interlinearization mode
- Automation: Silence and speech recognizer, measuring pauses and overlaps, automatic segmentation [tokenizer], etc.
- Practice session
- Creating linguistic types
- Creating parent and child tiers for translations and coding
- Creating personalized templates and workflows
- Controlled vocabularies
- Import and export (Praat, Toolbox, Transcripts, Subtitles)
Preparation and what to bring
If you cannot bring your own computer, please send us an email, there will be computers available.
Please downloadELAN for free at: https://tla.mpi.nl/tools/tla-tools/elan/download/
(Mac users simply unzip the file and drag the entire folder into their applications folder. Windows and Linux users have to run the installer.)
Please also download the following 3 PDF documents from: https://tla.mpi.nl/tools/tla-tools/elan/
- Full manual. The manual is good to have on your computer for doing text searches for specific functions, I wouldn’t recommend anyone reading or even printing the 300+ pages 🙂
- How-to Guide. Please print the How-to Guide and bring it to the workshop. It’s 15 pages of concise and precise step-by-step instructions, which we will practice. (I personally find it more useful and intuitive then the 25-page “User Guide” also available at the same website but if you want you can also read that one.)
- (For minimalists) the A4 Guide.
If you can, please bring a short ca. 30-40 seconds video or audio clip of your own data (please not longer than a minute!) in order to start setting up your own templates/workflows. I will have a sample clip in order to get started.
Additional software (all free to download) which you may find useful and we may cover on the day:
TextWrangler (to see/edit the XML structure of ELAN files): http://www.barebones.com/products/textwrangler/download.html
Praat (for phonetic analysis): http://www.fon.hum.uva.nl/praat/
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(on the Mac: 64-bit edition for anyone with Mac OS X 10.7 Lion and higher)
VLC (cross-platform media player, the easiest way of adding subtitles): http://www.videolan.org/vlc/index.html
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Mac only, for those who do not have Quick Time 7 Pro:
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QT Amateur (free program that can export all the Quick Time 7 compatible formats, in case you need to extract the audio file from videos)
Audio playback issue on new Macbook Air
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I have a new Macbook Air. When I play back audio, the sound is extremely clipped. This happens with every sound file, regardless of how loud the signal is in the file. (I use only WAV files.) The same sound files play back fine in, for example, QuickTime or Audacity.
I tried installing an older version of Praat, but it makes no difference - the same problem occurs there.
For a minute I thought the problem might be due to the fact that the Macbook Air is a smaller computer, has a solid-state drive and maybe a slower processor. (I did get 16 GB of RAM though...) So I almost tried to get my department to trade the Air for a Macbook Pro. But then, I noticed that some of my students, who use Macbook Pros (fairly new ones) have the same issue!
Is this a known issue? Is there anything I could change in the setup or installation to get it to play back better audio on this machine?
On 27 Nov 2019, at 20:46, Lars Hinrichs <@LarsHinrichs> wrote:
This is known issue. A fix is described on the Mac download page. Please tell us whether that helps.
Professor of Phonetic Sciences, University of Amsterdam
Visiting address: Spuistraat 134, room 632, Amsterdam
Mail: P.O. Box 1642, 1000BP Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Dear Paul,toggle quoted messageShow quoted text
Is there any training programme of Praat in London please? Or anywhere else?
On 27 Nov 2019, at 11:21 pm, Boersma Paul <[email protected]> wrote:
I have a student with a new MacBook Air with the same problem. She could play sounds in other software just fine, but in Praat it was severely clipped. We deleted reinstalled prat, installed an older version. Didn't work. My slightly older MacBook Pro (2 years) is fine.
Hi Mary,Please direct your student to point #4 on http://www.fon.hum.uva.nl/praat/download_mac.htmland let us know if that doesn't solve the problem.
I am experiencing the same issue with a MacBook Pro running OS Catalina. I did the fix described in the link, switching the bitrate from 48k to 44.1k but the problem persists. All playback has the ending randomly trimmed by 0 - ~0.5 seconds. So if I select a sound of 0.3 seconds, for example, sometimes clicking it will play nothing and other times it may play the entire clip.
I wonder if this problem is renewed in OS Catalina, which came out only a month before the OP (so perhaps they had not updated yet). My Audio MIDI Setup shows three options for 44.1k speaker output: 16 bit, 24 bit, and 32 bit variable. All three still have the same playback issue.